Research Overview - Neurological Findings in Infants with Deformational Plagiocephaly

This study evaluated the neurologic profiles of infants with deformational plagiocephaly. 49 patients with radiographically confirmed deformational plagiocephaly, ages 4 to 13 months, and 50 non-plagiocephalic infants were recruited. 

The primary parent completed an age-appropriate Ages and Stages Questionnaire which contained questions designed to evaluate parental perception of infant communication, gross motor, fine motor, problem solving and personal-social development. Each infant was also evaluated by a single examiner using a modified Hammersmith infant neurologic assessment whereby tone, posture and behaviour (social orientation, emotional state and consciousness) was assessed.

Infants with deformational plagiocephaly scored lower (though not statistically significant) compared to their healthy peers in all categories of Ages and Stages Questionnaires, with personal-social skills reaching a statistical significance. The results from the Hammersmith infant neurological assessment revealed significantly more abnormal tone (hypotonia) in the deformational plagiocephalic groups than their healthy peers.

Written by Carla Vescio, Chiropractor

Fowler, E.A., Becker, D.B., Pilgram, T.K., Noetzel, M., Epstein, J., & Kane, A.A. (2008). Neurologic Findings in Infants with Deformational Plagiocephaly. Journal of Child Neurology. 23(7), 742-747. doi: 10.1177/088307380831436.